The art of growing and sculpting miniature trees, though practiced throughout East Asia, is notably popular in Japan, where arable land is limited and expensive, particularly in the densely populated cities. By using a variety of techniques and styles, bonsai gardeners can bring a windswept pine or a piece of forest into even the smallest Japanese house. Larger-scale Japanese gardening follows the same principle, actually or abstractly re-creating landscapes in any space, from tiny urban gardens to vast parks.